ground


ground
ground1 W1S1 [graund] n
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1¦(earth)¦
2¦(area of land)¦
3¦(reason)¦
4¦(subject)¦
5¦(opinion)¦
6¦(sport)¦
7 hold/stand your ground
8 get off the ground
9 gain ground
10 lose ground
11 breeding/fertile/proving ground
12 burn/raze something to the ground
13 work/drive/run yourself into the ground
14 on the ground
15 stamping ground
16¦(electrical)¦
17 grounds
18 go to ground
19 run somebody/something to ground
20¦(background)¦
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[: Old English; Origin: grund]
1.) ¦(EARTH)¦[U]
a) the surface of the earth
the ground
The leaves were slowly fluttering to the ground.
He lay on the ground and stared up at the sky.
The ground was frozen solid.
above/below/under ground
At night, badgers feed above ground.
These youngsters work 70 metres below ground level .
A raised platform stood 2 metres off the ground.
The air raids were followed by military action on the ground (=on land) .
ground troops (=soldiers who fight on land)
b) the soil on and under the surface of the earth
Dig the ground over in the autumn.
Plant the seeds 2 cm deep in the ground.
The ground was dry, far too dry for growing corn.
2.) ¦(AREA OF LAND)¦
a) [U]
an area of land without buildings, fences, woods etc
The landscape is a mixture of open ground and woodland.
They were standing on the waste ground (=land in a town that is not being used) behind the car park.
b) BrE also grounds [plural]
especially AmE an area of land or sea that is used for a particular purpose
fishing grounds
parade/hunting/burial etc ground
These fields served as a hunting ground for the local people.
The rivers are used as dumping grounds for industrial waste.
He is buried in sacred ground.
c) grounds [plural]
the land or gardens surrounding a large building
We decided to take a stroll in the hotel grounds.
3.) ¦(REASON)¦
grounds [ plural]
a good reason for doing, believing, or saying something
grounds for (doing) sth
Mental cruelty can be grounds for divorce .
There are strong grounds for believing his statement.
have grounds to do sth
Did the police have reasonable grounds to arrest him?
on moral/legal/medical etc grounds
The proposal was rejected on environmental grounds.
on (the) grounds of sth
Flying was ruled out on grounds of cost.
'You're under arrest.' 'On what grounds?'
on the grounds that
We oppose the bill, on the grounds that it discriminates against women.
4.) ¦(SUBJECT)¦[U]
a subject or area of knowledge
At meetings, we just keep going over the same ground (=talking about the same things) .
His latest movie looks set to break new ground (=introduce new and exciting ideas) .
familiar/home ground
(=a subject etc that you know something about)
In his latest book, McManus returns to more familiar ground.
5.) ¦(OPINION)¦[U]
a general opinion or set of attitudes
Often parents and teenagers find they have little common ground (=they do not share the same attitudes etc) .
the middle/centre ground
(=opinions that are not extreme that most people would agree with)
Both parties are battling to occupy the centre ground .
Careful, Laura. You could be treading on dangerous ground (=expressing opinions etc that might offend someone) .
Each side was unwilling to give ground (=change their opinion) .
6.) ¦(SPORT)¦ BrE
the place where a particular sport is played
→↑stadium
a new football ground
It's their first defeat at their home ground (=the ground that belongs to a particular team) all season.
7.) hold/stand your ground
a) to stay where you are when someone threatens you, in order to show them that you are not afraid
The men threatened him, but he stood his ground and they fled.
b) to refuse to change your mind about something, even though people are opposing you
Jason vowed to stand his ground, even if it meant losing his job.
8.) get off the ground
to start to be successful
Her show never really got off the ground in the UK.
9.) gain ground
a) to become more successful
It was feared that the extreme right might be gaining considerable ground in the election campaign.
b) if an idea, belief etc gains ground, more people start to accept it
His theories gradually gained ground among academics.
c) to get closer to someone or something that you are competing with
10.) lose ground
to become less successful compared with someone or something you are competing with
The Indian team seem determined to regain the ground they lost in the last game.
11.) breeding/fertile/proving ground
a situation in which something develops quickly or successfully
The region, with its widespread poverty, provided fertile ground for revolutionary activitists.
prepare/lay the ground
(=to provide the situation or conditions in which something can develop successfully) breeding/fertile/proving ground for
My task was to prepare the ground for the recruitment of support workers.
12.) burn/raze sth to the ground
to destroy a city, building etc completely by fire, bombs etc
The city of Tortona was burnt to the ground.
13.) work/drive/run yourself into the ground
to work so hard that you become very tired or ill
Kay's working herself into the ground trying to meet her deadlines.
14.) on the ground
in the place or situation where something important is happening, rather than somewhere else - used especially in news reports
While the politicians talk of peace, the situation on the ground remains tense.
15.) stamping ground
BrE stomping ground AmE informal someone's stamping ground is an area where they are known or have a lot of influence
I guess he'll try to reach his old stomping ground to drum up support.
16.) ¦(ELECTRICAL)¦ [singular]
AmE a wire that connects a piece of electrical equipment to the ground for safety
British Equivalent: earth
17.) grounds [plural]
small pieces of solid material that sink to the bottom of a liquid
coffee grounds
18.) go to ground
BrE to make it hard for people to find you
The man has gone to ground since his photograph was published in a national newspaper.
19.) run sb/sth to ground
BrE to succeed in finding someone or something after a long search
20.)¦(BACKGROUND)¦ technical
the colour used as the background for a design
cut the ground from under sb's feet atcut1 (37)
have/keep both feet on the ground atfoot1 (18)
suit sb down to the ground atsuit2 (1)
be thin on the ground atthin1 (12)
hit the ground running athit1 (24)
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WORD CHOICE: ground, land, earth, soil, floor
The ground is the surface that you walk on when you are outdoors : There were a few flakes of snow on the ground. | an area of muddy ground
land is an area of ground that is owned or controlled by someone : They were on his land. | land set aside for housing
It is also the part of the earth's surface that is not covered in water : animals that live on land
earth or soil is the soft substance that covers the ground and that plants grow in : Green shoots peeped through the earth. | fertile soil
The Earth or earth is also the planet that we live on.
The floor is the surface that you walk on when you are indoors : There's mud all over the floor!
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ground 2
ground2 v
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1¦(aircraft)¦
2¦(boat)¦
3 be grounded in/on something
4¦(child )¦
5¦(electricity)¦
Phrasal verbs
 ground somebody in something
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1.) ¦(AIRCRAFT)¦ [T usually passive]
to stop an aircraft or pilot from flying
All planes are grounded until the fog clears.
2.) ¦(BOAT)¦ [I and T]
if you ground a boat or if it grounds, it hits the bottom of the sea so that it cannot move
Both boats grounded on a mud bank.
3.) be grounded in/on sth
to be based on something
Lewis' ideas were grounded in his strong Christian faith.
4.) ¦(CHILD )¦ [T] informal
to stop a child going out with their friends as a punishment for behaving badly
I got home at 2 am and Dad grounded me on the spot.
5.) ¦(ELECTRICITY)¦ [T]
AmE to make a piece of electrical equipment safe by connecting it to the ground with a wire
British Equivalent: earth
ground in [ground sb in sth] phr v
to teach someone the basic things they should know in order to be able to do something
Most seven-year-olds are grounded in the basics of reading and writing.
ground 3
ground3 adj [only before noun]
ground coffee or nuts have been broken up into powder or very small pieces, using a special machine
ground 4
ground4
the past tense and past participle of ↑grind 1

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

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  • ground — (ground), n. [OE. ground, grund, AS. grund; akin to D. grond, OS., G., Sw., & Dan. grund, Icel. grunnr bottom, Goth. grundus (in composition); perh. orig. meaning, dust, gravel, and if so perh. akin to E. grind.] 1. The surface of the earth; the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ground — ground1 [ground] n. [ME grund < OE, ground, bottom, akin to Ger grund, ON grunnr: for IE base see GRIND] 1. a) Obs. the lowest part, base, or bottom of anything b) the bottom of a body of water 2. the surface of the earth, specif. the solid… …   English World dictionary

  • ground — [1] ► NOUN 1) the solid surface of the earth. 2) land of a specified kind: marshy ground. 3) an area of land or sea with a specified use: fishing grounds. 4) (grounds) an area of enclosed land surrounding a large house. 5) (grounds …   English terms dictionary

  • ground — 1 n 1: the foundation or basis on which knowledge, belief, or conviction rests: a premise, reason, or collection of data upon which something (as a legal action or argument) relies for validity sued the city on the ground that the city...had… …   Law dictionary

  • Ground — may refer to: * The surface of the Earth * Soil, a mixture of sand and organic material present on the surface of the Earth * Ground (electricity), in electrical engineering, something that is connected to the Earth or at the voltage defined as… …   Wikipedia

  • ground — (ground), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {grounded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {grounding}.] 1. To lay, set, or run, on the ground. [1913 Webster] 2. To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, reason, or principle; to furnish a ground for; to fix firmly. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ground — ground, imp. & p. p. of {Grind}. [1913 Webster] {ground cock}, a cock, the plug of which is ground into its seat, as distinguished from a compression cock. Knight.{Ground glass}, glass the transparency of which has been destroyed by having its… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ground — s.n. (Sport; rar) Teren de joc. [pron. graund. / < engl. ground]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 20.04.2005. Sursa: DN  GROUND /gráund/ s. n. 1. Teren de sport, gazonat. 2. (muz.) Basso ostinato. Din engl. Ground Trimis de bla …   Dicționar Român

  • ground in — [phrasal verb] ground (someone) in (something) : to give (someone) basic knowledge about (something) The study helped to ground them in the methods of research. often used as (be) grounded in …   Useful english dictionary

  • ground — ground, grounds Both the singular and the plural are used in the expressions on the ground (or grounds) that, and grounds is more common in the expression grounds for (complaint etc.): • Occupations that various insurance companies consider to be …   Modern English usage

  • ground — [n] earth, land arena, dirt, dust, field, landscape, loam, old sod, park, real estate, sand, sod, soil, terra firma, terrain, turf; concept 509 Ant. heavens, sky ground [v1] base, set; educate acquaint, bottom, coach, discipline, establish,… …   New thesaurus